Unit 14 Ancient History
Free People/ Gente Libre Floors/Suelos
Merchants/ Mercaderes Tiles/Azulejos, Teselas
Landowners/ Propietarios de Terreno Glass/Cristal
Domestic Service/Servicios Domesticos
Spread/ Extenderse, Difundir
There were two groups of people in the Hispano-Roman Society.
Free People were very rich men and women like, merchants, landowners and families from Rome. Others were more humble people like craftsmen and small merchants and farmers. Free people had rights and could participate in government.
Slaves were owned by another person. They worked the land, in domestic service, or gladiators at the circus and had no rights.
The Roman way of Life
The inhabitants of Hispania gradually adopted Roman customs. Roman soldiers called legionaries began this process. They settled in Iberian and Celtic villages and transformed them into Roman cities. They spread the Latin language and Christianity. In 380 A.D., Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
The Romans were excellent builders. They used two new materials, cement and concrete, which is a mixture of stones, cement and sand. They built bridges and also aqueducts to carry water to the cities. To decorate walls and floors they used paintings or made mosaics with tiles made of colored glass.