Unit 11 The Population of Spain
Natural Growth/Crecimiento Natural
Population Density/Densidad de población
Active Population/Población Activo
Inactive Population/Población Inactivo
International Immigration/ Inmigración internacional
International Emigration/Emigración internacional
International Migration/ Migración internacional
Foreign/ Extranjero (adj.)
The population of Spain is over 47 million. The number of inhabitants is growing because of positive natural growth and immigration.
The population density in Spain is 91 inhabitants per square kilometer. The coastal areas and islands have more population than inland provinces, with the exception of Madrid.
The active population includes people who are the legal working age and able to work. The inactive population includes people who are not of legal working age, people who are ill and people who do not earn a salary.
In Spain, the percentage of the active population working in each sector varies:
Primary Sector: 5%
Secondary Sector: 30%
Tertiary Sector: 65%
The tertiary sector generates the most wealth.
An emigrant is a person who leaves the place they were born to live in a different place. International Emigration is migration from one country to another. Internal Migration is migration within the same country. International Immigration is when a person leaves their country to live in a foreign one.
An immigrant is a person who comes to live in a foreign country.