Unit 11 Population and the Economy of Europe
Birth rate/Natalidad
Life expectancy/Esperanza de vida
Increasing/Incrementando, aumentando
Death rate/Mortalidad
International Immigration/Inmigración internacional
International Emigration/Emigración internacional
International Migration/Migración internacional
Natural growth/Crecimiento natural
Foreign/Extranjero (adj.)
Inland Provinces/Provincias del interior

The Population of Europe
The population of Europe is more than 700 million.  It is called an ageing population because the birth rate is low and life expectancy is increasing.  However, immigration helps the population of Europe to grow. 
The population of Europe is concentrated in the center of the continent.  The areas in the north are less populated. 
1. Natural Growth
At the beginning of the 20th century the birth rate and the death rate was very high so the population grew slowly. 
Over time the economy developed, nutrition improved and medical advances were made, and the death rate slowed.
2. Migration
An emigrant is a person who leaves the place they were born to live in a different place. International Emigration is migration from one country to another. Internal Migration is migration within the same country. International Immigration is when a person leaves their country to live in a foreign one.
An immigrant is a person who comes to live in a foreign country.
3. The Population of Spain
Population Density is the number of people per square kilometer.  It shows us if a place has a large or small population in relation to its area.  The formula used to calculate population density:  Divide the total number of people in a place by the surface area.
                        Population Density              Number of inhabitants in a place
                        (inhabitants/km²)     =                      Surface area

Inland Provinces are less populated than areas on the coast with the exception of Madrid.